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RURAL ECONOMY MUST RISE ABOVE STAGNATION AND HARDSHIP

Rural community is a body of people living in a geographical space far removed from the city centre or town and are either united by origin or social and economic conditions which are outside their control.

Dwellers of most rural villages and communities in Nigeria and Ogun State in particular are cut off from modern or civilised socio-economic facilities and means of livelihood ordinarily found in towns and cities. They are mostly neglected from Government development policies and programs.
In the season of political campaigns, those rural dwellers are exploited for political gains and votes only to be discarded after elections.
Common or ordinary citizens do not know about their existence beyond sighting them on market days when they bring their primary agricultural products to the city or town markets for sale under uncomfortable conditions.

The collection of houses and other buildings in rural communities and villages are so badly built and without proper socio-economic facilities for decent living and comfort.

School buildings for the education of their children are mainly scantily provided and far apart from one rural community to another. Children raised in rural villages and communities go through rigorous and frustrating experience every day in order to get just a poor stuff of education.
These children lack proper amenities for getting education, they trek very long distance under the scorching sun and heavy rains to get to their shanty school buildings. They are faced with an absence of competent school teachers and classroom facilities.

Most parents do not have the means to sponsor their children's education, even at primary school level, as they find it difficult to buy basic textbooks and other essential materials for the education of their children. Most of the children of rural villages and community farmers drop out of school at primary and secondary school to go and learn basic vocational trades like barbing, carpentary, automobile mechanic, plumbing and tailoring from roadside trade masters. Worst of all some still find it difficult to buy tools to work with. At the end they resort to okada riding in cities and towns in order to make a living. Needless to say that the most unbearable form of child labor exist in rural villages and communities.

Access roads from the city centre and towns to rural villages and communities are largely neglected by the Government and they are all in very deplorable conditions with lots of potholes and grievous erosion during the rainy season. The rickety roads during the dry season generate so much loads of dusts when passengers vehicles and mining haulage vehicles mercilessly ride on the roads.

Passengers vehicles mostly the ravaged types into which village commuters bringing their wares to the city markets are loaded into like sardine fish in tin cans in order to maximise their daily returns. It is indeed a painful regular exercise for rural villagers to commute from the village to the city centre and back.

On account of this deplorable road conditions, most rural villagers in Ogun State in particular and Nigeria in general are cut off from their family members living in the city and from welfare facilities normally taken for granted in the cities.

Healthcare facilities are mostly non-existent in rural villages and communities as there are no functional primary health care facilities. The existing few primary health care facilities are poorly equipped and are derelict of competent health care personnel.

Existing health care centres are also several kilometres apart from one another. Basic drugs are not available while emergency cases referred to city centres are confronted with great obstacles. There are no properly motivated health care personnel or health extension workers resident in most rural villages and communities.

Concerning the productive activities in rural villages and communities, the production of primary agricultural commodities are still being carried out through the old traditional methods of farming. Most of the existing agricultural forests remain uncultivated due to the subsistence farming practices and lack of mechanised land clearing facilities among rural dwellers.

Most farmers are illiterate about agricultural best practices for improved productivity in agricultural crops production. In fact, they lack training and education from competent and dedicated agricultural extension workers. Existing agricultural extension workers hardly live in rural villages and communities.

For all the rigorous labour of rural village and community farmers, they are poorly paid by middle men from the city centres for their commodities brought to the market. These middlemen pay ridiculously poor prices for the labour of rural farmers. The village farmers have no bargaining power to get the best prices for their farm products and commodities.

In another dimension, rural village and community farmers are faced with the problem of unsold farm produces while many of their products perished on-farm due to lack of access to knowledge, skill and mini-processing machine to process them into intermediate or finished goods in order to earn good returns to their labour. The absence of understanding skills for processing farm produce facilitates harsh circuitous poverty that is difficult for them to break out from. The vicious circle of poverty must be broken by economic freedom enthusiasts through training and empowerment of rural entrepreneurs.

The needed utilities for economic activities and good living, such as potable water, electricity, telecommunications are grossly in short supply by the Government and their policy makers at the centre. This has been caused by bare-faced form of corruption and nepotism. Rural villages and communities lack electricity, potable water supply and functional telecommunication facilities by which they can enhance their livelihood and economic productivity.

Petroleum products for generating electricity, automobile vehicles, motorcycles and processing mills are sold at black market prices in rural communities and villages. Indeed, the notion of living well is a mirage in Nigerian rural villages and communities.
The foregoing scenarios have now resulted in the mass migration of unskilled and unemployed youthsfrom the rural villages and communities to the urban centres to add to the level of restlessness among youths in the citiesto put added pressure on the existing fragile socio-economic infrastructures in the cities - a fragile existence.

While the dwellers of rural communities and villages continue to struggle to gain freedom from the hardships of socio-economic deprivation, the policy makers at the centre and metropolis remained unconcerned about finding a lasting solutions to their challenges.
The best they have done so far was to embark on some deceptive and shabilly contrived projects to serve as palliatives, such as the construction of boreholes that does not generate sustainable potable water supply to the rural dwellers.

In this 21st Century, the socio-economic conditions of Ogun State rural communities and villages must change for the better. All freedom enthusiasts must rise up as one man to strengthen the struggle of rural communities and villages for economic freedom and livelihood.
Rural life must rise above stagnation and hardship imposed by the policy makers at the various levels of governance in Nigeria.

The starting point for cutting down of this evil spikes plaguing the rural communities and villages is to initiate, commence and pursue the actualisation of a properly trained and empowered corps of rural entrepreneurs that can create sustainable jobs and products in the agribusiness and housing value chains, trading, transportation and distribution, health and education sectors of rural economies. We need economic revolution now in our rural areas. This should be created on the platform of vocational skills training, education and genuine empowerment in SME for rural entrepreneurs.

Strengthening the struggles of rural communities and villages in line with vocational and SME skills training will cause dwellers of rural communities and villages to break out of the vicious cycle of socio-economic hardship as well as give birth to sustainable socio-economic freedom and livelihood in rural communities and villages. This will obviously change the landscape of our rural villages and communities for exponential development across the States and the entire country.

This is the time to strengthen the struggles of rural communities for freedom and livelihood. This is the time to break-out of the shackles of socio-economic stagnation and hardship imposed by the central policy making machinery of the government at the top. This is the time for all economic freedom enthusiasts to come together and mobilise resources for the emancipation of the corps of sustainable job creators in the rural communities and villages beginning from Ogun State and throughout Nigeria.

Friends and fellow economic freedom enthusiasts, here is my personal pledged to support the cause of strengthening the struggles for rural economic freedom and livelihood in Ogun State and beyond which is in agreement with the approach of Apostles Peter and John by saying that I hereby declare the use of my talents, which the LORD has invested in me, to the cause of strengthening rural economic freedom and livelihood for the glory of God and for the good of humanity in Ogun State in particular and Nigeria in general. So help me God.

As we go on in this struggles, let us remember always that we are set to build and empower the capacity of the people to make a sustainable living and they will in return build sustainable infrastructure for themselves to live in and prosper.

In the light of this declarations, dear friends and fellow freedom enthusiasts let us mobilise our talents and resources and let the struggles for the socio-economic recovery and enlargement of our rural villages and communities outshine all forms of adversities that may arise.

Join yourself to this economic vision and we will overwhelmingly conquer the forces of adversities. Adversities shall not overwhelm our hope for the economic freedom and livelihood of rural dwellers and villagers in Ogun State in particular and Nigeria in general. Rural life and it's economy must rise above stagnation and hardship, therefore, let us strengthen rural economic freedom and livelihood. God bless you.

(c) Segun Benson, 2021
www.welfareandtransformation.org.ng
WhatsApp/call 08034051708

GOSPEL MESSAGE PRESENTED BY BROTHER SEGUN BENSON AT THE REVIVAL SERVICE OF PENTECOSTAL CHURCHES IN KAJOLA AREA AND ITS ENVIRONS ON SUNDAY, 11TH JULY 2021 AT SOUL WINNER CHURCH, KAJOLA

Topic: Jesus Is The Lord of life and light In The World

Texts: John 8:12, John 1:4-5, Matthew 5:14, Ephesians 5:8

Song: The Power, the Power, the Pentecostal Power. It's just the same today. No matter what they say. The Power, the Power the Pentecostal Power, it is just the same today.

INTRODUCTION

Fellow rural ministers, pastors, evangelists, missionaries and believers, our rural villages and communities are in urgent need of life and light more than ever before. Many are suffering under the oppression of deadness and darkness.

We see stagnation and hardship everywhere in almost all villages and communities. The signs of stagnation and hardship are manifest variously as follows:
(a) lack of access to quality means of livelihood and good living (b) poor education for the children of farming families (c) high rate of children drop out from educational institutions (d) poor and dilapidated housing conditions (e) very bad access roads to the city centre, (f) lack of solutions to constant disagreement between villages and groups of individuals (g) joblessness in the midst of economic potential to growth (h) high rate of immoralities and reckless life style among youths and adults, even among preachers the of the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ. 

All these point to the consequences of sin-induced nature of men and manipulations of the forces of darkness over our villages and communities.

DISCUSSIONS

Fellow brethren, the Lord Jesus whom the people in the rural communities and villages have rejected and despised is the Lord of life and light. Without the Presence of Jesus in the heart and attitudes of rural dwellers there can not be life and light needed to accomplish the much needed liberation from the oppression of the forces of darkness.

It should be boldly made plain and clear to all rural dwellers as well as missionaries in rural villages and communities that without life and light in the heart and attitudes of men, socio-economic stagnation and hardship is inevitable as a reward wish cannot be wished away.

Again, there can never be manifestations of notable miracles, signs and wonders for rural development, progress and fruitfulness. This is because any individual or group of individuals that is disconnected from the Source of life and light is certainly disconnected from eternal life and power of God for good living on earth.

In Matthew 5:14, the Lord Jesus Christ said to His first set of disciples: "You are the light of the world. A city set on a hill cannot be hidden." Now, how well are we manifesting as light in our respective rural villages and communities?

Dead destinies need resurrection to life, ministries being confronted by adversities of darkness need light to develop and to access power for noteworthy recovery and enlargement.

The name and the Words of Jesus are the only sure sources of great Light that cannot be hindered by the forces of adversities in the life of individuals, families, businesses and ministries in our rural villages and communities.

The name of Jesus is the great Light that conquers the darkness of adversities.

Men and brethren, life and light are urgently needed in the hearts and attitudes of men and women in our rural villages and communities. Why?

Our Lord Jesus said in John 8:12: "I am the light of the world, he who follows Me shall not walk in the darkness but shall have the light of life."

In John 1:4-5, it is clearly stated that "In Him was life and the life was the light of men. And the light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not comprehend it."

This is to show that only the light and life of Jesus in our hearts and attitudes can give us good insights to chart our path into socioeconomic progress and development. This is the best route to sustainable growth and development in our rural communities and villages.

According to Ephesians 5:8 we are admonished as follows: "for you were formerly darkness, but now you are light in the Lord, walk as children of light." This means that as ministers of the gospel we should look out for concrete and notable interventions of the Lord Jesus Christ in the conduct of our ministries in the rural villages and communities.

CONCLUSIONS

Brethren, let our ministries arise from the graveyards of adversity in order to manifest the glory of God and to be a huge blessing to humanity in the 21st century Nigeria. New life and light is certainly needed in our rural villages and communities.

In conclusion, we are called and challenged as individuals and groups to become carriers of the life and light in our respective rural villages and communities.

PRAYER POINTS

1. O LORD, empower my heart and attitude with the life and light of Jesus Christ.

2. O LORD, break the power of adversities in my life and ministries and in our rural villages and communities, in Jesus' name. Amen.

AN APPEAL TO STRENGTHEN THE STRUGGLE AGAINST ECONOMIC POVERTY IN RURAL COMMUNITIES

Hello, my Friend and Freedom Enthusiast.* You are invited to join the initiative of strengthening the struggles for FREEDOM from economic poverty in the rural areas of Obafemi-Owode LGC, Ogun State.

We are set for the series of FREE training and empowerment of rural communities. The first series of our rural economic transformation project is titled: Catfish Processing and Packaging.

The basic infrastructures for this project, such as fish smoking kiln, are made ready.
Sincerely speaking, our target rural communities can not afford training fees.

In this regard, we hereby appeal for your financial contributions to meet the cost of purchasing 10-20kg of fresh melange catfish and honorarium for the trainers. We need additional N20-N25k to actualise this project.

It may interest you to know that I have personally donated to this project.
Please, be kind to join my team, by donating any amount towards the success of this project according to the following range of options:
(a) Less than N250 (b) N250-N500 (c) N500-1,500 (d) N1,500-2,500 (e) N2,500-N5,000 (f) N5,000 and above.

Your contributions will be duly acknowledged, no matter how small.
Send your donations to the following account details:
Name: Joshua Olusegun Benson
Bank: Polaris Bank
Account No. 1761772578

You are also invited to visit our website address: www.welfareandtransformation.org.ng.
Thank you for strengthening the struggles for FREEDOM from economic poverty in rural communities.
Stay blessed.

Yours in the struggles against economic poverty,
Segun Benson,
Christian Missions for Welfare and Transformation Intl.
08034051708

RAISING ENTREPRENEURS IN RURAL VILLAGES AND COMMUNITIES FOR SUSTAINABLE ENTERPRISES: AN APPEAL FOR FINANCIAL SUPPORT OF THE PROJECT OF CHRISTIAN MISSIONS FOR WELFARE AND TRANSFORMATION INTL.

Christian Missions for Welfare and Transformation Intl. is set to operate a financially self-sufficient missionary outfit that does not depend on regular donations from people. Rather, we seek only initial seedfund financial contributions of missionary enthusiasts in Nigeria and in diaspora, which we can deploy to generate constant flow of fund needed to sustain our activities in rural villages and communities, in Ogun State in particular and Nigeria in general.

Through our Centre for Agrihousing Vocations and SME Skills Training, we are set to deploy the concept of Learning-By-Doing-and-Earning to build the enterprise capacity of rural villages and communities to teach, train and empower them to pursue the dignity of labour needed for their sustainable economic livelihood.

We are equally dedicated to raising Jesus-focused individuals and groups through our School of Christian Living and Moralities as we promote and witness that Jesus is the Lord of life and light of all men under the sun in rural villages and communities.

We will be employing an 81 teaching series which we have put together under the theme: Jesus Is Lord And Highly Exalted: From The Beginning To The End as our teaching text. This text covers a verse-by-verse teachings of Jesus on Christian living and moralities as presented by St. Matthew's gospel of Jesus Christ.

REQUESTS FOR FINANCIAL SUPPORT AND ASSISTANCE

School of Christian Living and Moralities: N500,000.00

We need financial support and assistance of fellow Nigerians who are missionary enthusiasts for the production of our over 400-page teaching text to be used for teaching the gospel of Jesus to members of rural villages and communities free of charge.

The typescript is ready for publication. To this end, we need a minimum of N500,000 (Five hundred thousand Naira) to produce about 500 copies for the training of participants at our School of Christian Living and Moralities.

Centre for Agrihousing Vocations and SME Skills Training: N1.5million

We already have some appropriate agriprocessing and house brick-making technologies for building the enterprise capacity of individuals and group of individuals who are interested in acquiring knowledge and skills through our on-the-field training for sustainable self-employment.

Our existing agriprocessing technology is capable of adding values to at least ten different agricultural commodities, such as in the processing of fresh catfish into oven-dried fish, oven-roasted groundnuts, oven-dried plantain, oven-grilled snails and many more.

Through training and empowerment, we are ready to facilitate establishment of cottage and small scale enterprises by youths and women in rural villages and communities.

Our enterprise capacity project is being run at no cost to the rural dwellers because we know that they have no money to pay for our training services.

In order to remain sustainable in this missionary endeavours, we hereby request for your financial support and assistance to enable us expand our existing training and production facilities and infrastructures, such as: (a) additional oven/kilns for the training of participants in the processing of primary agricultural commodities into finished or semifinished products, (b) construction of dormitory for trainees of the Centre for Agrihousing Vocations and SME Skills Training and School of Christian Living and Moralities, (c) payment of honoraria for our team of subject-matter specialists in enterprise extension services.

Patronage of the Mission's Products and Training Services.

We surely need the patronage of mission enthusiasts and welfare- oriented individuals and groups for our training services and quality processed products which we have branded as Eagle Foods and Snacks, by way of regular purchase and recommendations of same to others in Nigeria and outside Nigeria. We consider this to be a very vital area of our need for assistance.

Invitation For Financial Support

We are pleased to invite you to please support our missionary endeavours either in a lump sum or by monthly instalmemental donations for a period of six months according to the following range of options. Please specify your donation in the appropriate bracket below:
(a) N5,000 to N10,000 
(b) N10,000 to N15,000
(c) N15,000 to N20,000
(d) N20,000 to N25,000
(e) N25,000 to N30,000
(f) N30,000 to N35,000
(g) N35,000 to N40,000
(h) N40,000 to N45,000
(I) N45,000 to N50,000
(j) Lump Sum (Please specify) ................

For your donations, please make payments to the following account details of the Consultancy firm managing our entrepreneurial program:

Name: Small Business Consultancy
Bank: Polaris Bank
Account No. 4110027918

For more information, please contact us at Saibu Village, off Aberuagba, Obafe-Kajola Road, Obafemi-Owode LGC, Ogun State.
WhatsApp/Call Number: 08034051708
Website: www.welfare and transformation.org.ng

APPLICATIONS OF ORGANIC SOIL CONDITIONER/GROWTH STIMULANT AND ORGANIC LIVESTOCK SUPPLEMENT IN THE PRODUCTION OF ORGANIC CROPS AND LIVESTOCK: THE GRANDHUMUSPLUS AND GRANDHUMIVET EFFECTS

By 

Segun Benson,
Enterprise Extension Expert
Cellphone/Whatsapp: 0803 405 1708

Abstract

In this presentation, the importance and applications of grandhumusplus (GHP) organic soil conditioner/fertilizer and grandhumivet (GHV) organic supplement by smallholder crops and livestock farmers will be explained and how it can facilitate greater productivity and higher income through bountiful harvest in the production of crops like cassava, rice, maize, plantain/banana, cocoa and livestock, such as: chicken and poultry, fish, pig, rabbit, snail etc.

INTRODUCTION

Humic acids contained in grandhumusplus are best known as a soil conditioner which makes poor soils good and good soils great. Humic acids have the ability to make soil perform better even if it is in a marginal soil condition.

The granular humic acids contained in grandhumusplus is capable of providing organic matter as well as help to retain water which is essential to plant growth. This is unlike synthetic chemical fertilizer which destroys the soil and transfer harmful chemical to the plant.

Although synthetic chemical fertilizers provide nutrient source for the plant, but it rarely have any benefit to the soil. Synthetic fertilizers are mobile and therefore have the potential to leach out of the root zone of the plant and to harden the surface of the soil. However, with an addition of humic acid in grandhumusplus added to the soil the hard soils can be broken to enable the nutrients in the soil penetrate deeper down to the root zone of the plant.

What we are saying here in effect is that the humic acids contained in grandhumusplus (GHP) can add organic matter to deficient soils, increase root vitality, increase chlorophyll synthesis, better seed germination, stimulate beneficial microbial activity , unlock nutrients like phosphorus that are locked up in the soil. In this regard, the smallholder crops former can enjoy overall healthier plants and improved yields.

Guaranteed Analysis of GHP and GHV

GHP Analysis consists of
Humic Acid (Dry basis) 87.5%
Potassium as K20 (dry basis) 12.1%
Organic Matter 01.12%
pH Value 10
water Solubility of Powder 100%

GHV Comparative Performance in Chicken and Pigs
Performance in Chicken Control GHV
Mortality 1.0-4.0% 0.6-1.0%
Average Weight Gain 1.4kg 1.64kg
Average FCR 2.0kg 1.90kh
Feathering 1 week early
Egg Shell thicker and more uniform   

Performance in Pigs
Piglet mortality 10-15% 6-8%
Morbidity (scour) 30% 5%
Coughing Incidence 40% 10%
Feed Conversion Rate +5%
With regard to livestock production, the humate and chelated essential minerals and trace elements contained in organic grandhumivet enhance health and improve performance of livestock and other animals, such as poultry and chicken, pigs, snails, fish, rabbits, dogs etc.

The benefits of humate in the grandhumivet organic supplement when taken by animals and livestocks include: improve supply of oxygen that improve the blood of the animal and quick healing process in the time of injury, stimulates microbial activity of good bacteria in the digestive system of the body of the animal, boosts the immune system of the livestock, improves animal’s liver health and regeneration, contains detoxifying properties and reduces odour of animal wastes.

DISCUSSIONS

Our discussions here will center on the applications of orghanic GHP and GHV as organic soil conditioner and organic livestock supplement respectively. The objective here is to encourage smallholder crops and livestock farmers to go organic for higher income and to produce quality and rich agricultural crops and livestock for the Nigeria’s consumers market.

Applications of Organic Grandhumusplus (GHP) in land and soil preparation
The first tasks of a crop farmer, according to agricultural calendar, is land preparation. This is followed by sowing application of organic soil conditioner and fertilizer to the soil and then sowing. When a crop farmer is about to plant or transplant from the nursery, it is essential that he should treat the soil with an organic soil conditioner before planting.

Treatment of Soil with Grandhumusplus (GHP) Soil Conditioner
Thoroughly mix a tablespoonful of GHP organic soil conditioner in a 16-litre of water: same volume with what you have in a standard knapsack sprayer. (If you are using knapsack sprayer for soil preparation, make sure it is a new knapsack sprayer that has not been used with chemicals. Alternatively, wash the knapsack sprayer container thoroughly if it has been previously been used with chemical substance).

Sprinkle the well mixed granule GHP all over the tilled areas and allow it to soak into the soil for two or three days. In this way your soil will always retain water.
The next step is to transplant from the nursery or sow your seed into the soil.

As you transplant or sow into the prepared holes, pour the liquid GHP into individual holes in which the germinated seed is to be planted.
This will strengthen the roots and enable the crops to grow well. In this way, GHP will rehabilitate the soil, improve soil fertility, facilitates the supply of complete nutrients and neutralises the pH (i.e. acidity or alkalinity) of the soil.

Application of GHP on already planted crops
In the case of already planted crops which does not bear fruits or has been affected by pests
Estimate the size of the tree. If the tree is still young and small apply liquid GHP of at least l litre directly to the plant and its soil.
If the tree is full grown (3 years old and upward) dig 2 to 4 inches holes or create a canal round the tree . The distance between the holes or canal and the trunk of the tree must be between 0.5 meter and 1 meter.
Depending on the volume of liquid GHP required, mix a spoonful of the granule GHP to l6-litre of water or a sachet of GHP with 200 litres of water in a one big blue plastic drum.
Pour 4 to 5 litres of the liquid GHP into the holes or canal dug round the tree crop.
Sprinkle mixed GHP on the leaves, stems and the base of the crop to enable the roots to absorb the GHP.
Repeat this process three times at two months interval.

Applications in fruit plants, root crops and vegetables

In the case of fruit plants, plants, crops and vegetables. 

Apply liquid liquid organic fertiliser to the plants or spray it. If spraying, this must be done between 4 am and 7 am or between 5pm and 7 pm so that the nutrients of the organic fertilizer directly enter the plant through the stomata in the leaves. (Stomata opens early in the morning between 4 am and 7am in the morning and in the evening between 5pm and 7pm every day).

The liquid organic fertilizer must be applied every two weeks. If the plants or crops have been adversely affected by drought, pests or diseses, make this application every week or twice a week until the effects of attacks on the crop or plant is eliminated.

Seed Soaking

If you want to hasten the growth of your seeds/seedlings you can soak them in a preparation of liquid organic fertilizer for 24 hours or 48 hours. Use one sachet for seed soaking. The preparation of liquid organic fertilizer should not be thrown away after the period of soaking. This can still be used.

Seed Coating

This is a situation in which you are growing a plant from seed (e.g. maize). In this case, mix and coat the seeds with the organic fertilizer powder. Pour the contents of the organic powder into jar and mix them with the seeds. This process will improve the germination of the seeds.

Application of organic fertilizer to main crops like rice, wheat, corn, barley etc.

For optimum result, use GHP as a sprayer during land preparation, planting and after planting. Use 1 to 2 sachets of GHP per hectare of spray during land preparation, so that the soil will be replenished with complete nutrient and will be greatly reconditioned.

Use as a Foliar Fertiliser

Instead of a chemical foliar fertilizer, KHP is the best option for foliar fertilization. In a knapsack sprayer or power sprayer mix 1 or 2 tablespoon of GHP powder in a 16-litre of water.
For the ease of scooping GHP powder for the mixture, it is advisable to pour GHP powder from the sachet into a jar or a sealed container. Alternatively you can mix 1 or 2 schets of GHP in a 200-litre tank or drum from which you can fill each knapsack sprayer and use it as a foliar fertilizer.

After planting apply GHP as a foliar spray as follows:

Use two sachets for foliar spray after 15 days (when the plant begin to sprout)
Use two sachets for foliar spray after 30 days from planting.
Use 2 sachets for foliar spray after 45 days from plnting
Use 2 sachets for foliar spray before the grain comes out. After this, wait until harvest.

Application on Banana/Plantain

After clearing your site, dig holes according to the number of plantain suckers, according to the required spacing (3m x 3m or 9ft x 9ft). The holes should be 1 ½ to 2 feet deep. With the above suggested spacing you can a population density of 440 plants/acre or 1,100 plants/hectare.
Mix a spoon of GHP for 16 litres or one drum for a sachet of 100 grams of GHP.
Administer 2 litres per hole and allow for 2 days.
After 2 or 3 days, plant your suckers. When covering the holes, make sure you don’t completely cover the holes but leave a space of about 3 inches for water or irrigation

When the banana begins to shoot out fresh leaves, mix another GHP again of the same measurement and sprinkle on the leaves. Make sure the liquid fertilizer drops through the stem to the ground to soak and moisture the soil
Repeat the application of GHP as foliar spray once a week for four months with an addition of animal waste.

If the banana/plantain has already been planted, mix same amount of GHP liquid and administer direct to the base of the plant to enable the roots to absorb it so as to strengthen them and help in boosting their growth.

Remember that the ideal climate for plantain is tropical one: not too hot, not too cold. Plantain needs good irrigation and humidity. Water regularly by irrigation where possible.
With this process your plantain/banana will bear fruits in 8 to 10 months with great fruit bunches that can be sold for very good price in the market

Use As A Fertiliser Enhancer

In a situation where a land has been degraded as a result of being bombarded by chemical or synthetic fertilizer and you now wish to switch over to organic soil conditioner and fertiliser, it is advised that the transition should be gradual and systematic.

GHP can be effectively deployed to achieve an effective transition by its application as soil conditioner and fertilizer enhancer. In this situation GHP will serve as a fertilizer enhancer as it helps to facilitate the magnetisation and retension of nutrients in the soil, reduce the effects of volatilization and leaching.

Another value GHP as an organic fertilizer enhancer in this situation is that it serves to control the adapting changes in the soil and in the growth of the plant.

The process of reviving the soil through GHP will have to be in three important stages as it cannot be done at a single swipe. This is because the soil will need to go through acid neutralization and crops may not endure the changes that will be taking place. In essence crop growth might be affected if there is a wholesale shift from chemical fertilizer usage to wholesale organic farming. The following is the process of transition from the use of wholesale chemical fertilizer to organic fertilizer through GHP organic soil conditioner. These are the steps for applying GHP for regenerating chemically degraded farm land for organic farming

Reduce the use of chemical fertilizer by 50% of the amount of chemical fertilizer used in the previous year’s cropping.

The remaining 50% will be added by way of GHP organic fertilizer. This will be in form of 2 sachets of GHP for every 50kg sack of chemical fertilizer.

In the second year, reduce 50% of chemical fertilizer used in the first year by 25% and replace it with 75% of organic soil conditioner and fertilizer in the second year.

In the third year use 100% of organic soil conditioner and fertilizer. Add animal waste or compost to free your soil from the destructive effects of chemical fertilizer. 
Illustration/Example: Rice Farm/Hectare

If you have a rice farm bombarded by chemical fertilizer and you are about to transit into the application of organic soil conditioner and fertilizer, the following are the appropriate instructions:

If in the last cropping, you used 10 sacks of chemical fertilizer per hectare.
In the cropping for the current year reduce 10 sacks of chemical fertilizer to 5 sacks per hectare and apply 5-10 sachets of GHP per hectare in the current year (i.e. 1 or 2 sachets of GHP, the organic soil conditioner and fertilizer per bag x 6 sacks of chemical fertilizer)
In the next cropping reduce 6 sacks of chemical fertilizer to 4 sacks per hectare. Four sacks of chemical fertilizer and 4 to 8 sachets of GHP must be used (i.e. 1 or 2 sachets per bag x 4 sacks of chemical fertilizer).

In the next cropping reduce 4 sacks of chemical fertilizer into 2 sacks per hectare. Two sacks of chemical fertilizer plus 2 to 4 sachets of GHP must be used (i.e. 1 or 2 sachets of GHP per bag x 2 sacks).

In the next cropping reduce 2 sacks of chemical fertilizer into 1 sack only per hectare. One sack of chemical fertilizer plus 1 or 2 sachets of GHP must be used (i.e. 1 or 2 sachets of GHP must be used (i.e. 1 or 2 sachets of GHP must be used (i.e. 1 or 2 sachets per bag x 1 sack)
At this juncture, the farmer can now use one sack of chemical fertilizer per hectare and increase the application of GHP organic soil conditioner and fertilizer. Here the farmer can mix 2 to 3 or 4 to 4 sachets of GHP per bag of chemical fertilizer until the farmer can completely reduce the application of chemical synthetic fertilizer and go organic.
It will be noted that as you reduce the application of synthetic chemical fertilizer, you are also reducing your cost of production while you gradually attain organic production status.

Usage of GHP Soil Conditioner/Fertiliser Per Crop/Hectare

Corn (10 sachets per hectare). For the production of corn per hectare, use 2 sachets of GHP organic fertilizer for seed coating before planting. When you are ready to plant mix 4 sachets of GHP with synthetic fertilizer and apply it to the plant 10-20 days after planting. 
Again apply 4 sachets of GHP mix with synthetic fertilizer at 40-50 days after planting. Altogether 10 sachets of GHP. Now wait until harvest. On the wyle you use ten (10) sachets of GHP organic fertilizer per hectare of corn farm.

Fruit Bearing Trees (Plantain/banana, palm tree, coconut, cocoa, moringa, pawpaw etc.) 6 sachets per hectare. If the fruit bearing tree has been planted and is not doing well, you can nourish it with GHP by following these steps: (a) if the fruit bearing tree is big allow two meters radius from the base of the tree and make a trench around its base, (b) if the tree is small, allow 1 metre radius from the base of the tree and make a trench around its base, (c) mix 4 sachets of GHP with synthetic fertilizer and apply to the base of the fruit tree, (d) use 2 sachets of GHP as foliar spray beginning from the base of the fruit up to the leaves, (e) spray every 15 days for 3-4 months. (Make sure that the liquid GHP is properly mixed before pouring into the knapsack sprayer. Then wait for the harvest.

Vegetables and Root Crops: (Cocoyam, cassava, potatoes, pepper, tomatoes, beans etc) 6 sachets per hectare. Mix 4 sachets of GHP with synthetic fertilizer and apply to the base of the fruit tree. Use two sachets of GHP as foliar spray. Spray first into the bse of the fruits then into the leaves. Spray it every 15 days for 4 months. Then wait until harvest.
GHP can also be applied for growing cucumber, garden eggs, watermelon, pepper, beans, ewedu, waterleaf etc.

Applications of GHP on earthen pond

When you dig your earthen pond, you mix half sachet of GHP soil conditioner/fertilizer, mix with 32 litre of water and sprinkle right round your earthen pond. After 4 days you will experience high growth of earthworm and grass inside the pond.
Mix the remaining half sachet of the same GHP with 32 litres as well and sprinkle round the pond for the second time. After this fill your pond or open water channel to fill your pond to the normal level and go ahead to stock your fish.

The effect is that GHP will increase the growth of the earthworms. Maggots, weeds and grass will fill up every where plus other substances nature will bring and by so doing you will minimize cost and maximize profit at the end and the size and weight of your fish output will not be compared with the one reared in a concrete or a mobile pond.
At four months you will be surprised with your result.

Application of GHV Supplement for fish cultivation

Mix two spoons of GHV with 1 ½ litres of water on a 15 kg bag of feed.
Pour the feed in a big bowl, spread it out. Then sprinkle the mixed GHV all over the feed. Mix them properly together with your hand so that all the feed will have contact with the GHV supplement. Then sundry and serve the fishes in the pond.

Application of GHV Supplement on Livestock

Grandhumivet (GHV) is an all natural organic supplement containing chelated essential minerals and trace elements to enhance health and improve performance of livestock and other animals. It is made from humate which is found to be capable of treating illnesses and improve health to animals and humans.  

GHV as an organic supplement contains 76% humic acid and 14% sodium humate salt. The following are the benefits of humate contained in GHV organic supplement for animals:

Improves blood by facilitating the supply of more oxygen which result in the rapid healing process in animals.
Improves the transfer of minerals in the body which consequently improves nutrient uptake of the body.
Reduces stress and fatigue in animals.
Prevents cellular mutation in animals.
Stimulate microbial activity of good bacteria in the digestive system of the body.
Boosts immune system.
Contains anti-inflamatory and anti-viral properties
Improves liver health and regeneration
Contains detoxifying properties
Reduces odour of animal wastes.

GHV as an organic supplement is beneficial to all livestock and animals like: pigs, chickens and poultry, fish, dogs, rabbits, snails, goats, cow and other ruminants.

How To Use GHV Organic Supplement

Use as Water Intake for Animals:

Dilute one teaspoon of GHV to one gallon of water.
Serve the mixture to animals as drinks every day.

Use as Animal Feed Supplement

Mix one tablespoon of GHV organic supplement for every 4 kilogram of feeds or food of the animals.
Mix one sachet of GHV to 2 bags or 2 sacks of animal feeds/food.

CONCLUSIONS

In this presentation, thwe importance and applications of grandhumusplus (GHP) and grandhumivet (GHV) in the production of organic crops and livestock have been explained.
The applications of GHP and GHV by smallholder crops and livestock frmers will facilitate greater productivity and higher income through bountiful harvest in the production of organic crops like: cassava, rice, maize, plantain/banana, cocoa and livestock, such as: chicken and poultry, fish, pig, rabbit, snails etc.

The application of GHP as a foliar spray will help to eliminate the cost of using chemical pesticides, herbicides on crops while GHV will help to reduce the cost of drugs and medication on livestock.

These two products are packaged in pocket-friendly sachets to reduce the operative costs of transporting this essential agricultural input from home to the farm site.

I invite you to go organic today for higher income, quality and rich agricultural crops and livestocks.

For the purchase of and more information about grandhumusplus and grandhumivet organic soil conditioner/fertilizer and organic livestock supplement respectively, call or whatsapp Segun Benson on cellphone 0803 405 1708.

Segun Benson
Enterprise Extension Expert

AGRIPRENEURIAL SKILLS AND KNOWLEDGE FOR SUCCESSFUL PRACTICE OF AGRICULTURE AS A BUSINESS

By
Segun Benson, ACIS, M.Sc.(Aston),
Head of Enterprise Extension Services and Consultancy,
Small Business Consultancy,
Cellphone: 0803 405 1708
Email: sefeceo@gmail.com

INTRODUCTION

It is unfortunate that a lot of agribusiness owner-managers in Nigeria in the 21st century still go into production of farm crops and livestock using the traditional mindset. This factor has been responsible for their inability to adequately mobilise their imagination, concentration, creativity and innovation in starting and running commercial agricultural enterprise initiatives.

In order to correct this situation, we shall look at how agripreneurial skills and knowledge can serve as factors of success in commercial agricultural production and processing initiatives. In this regard, we shall be reminding ourselves of our strategic importance as farmers supplying food baskets in society.

STATEMENT OF INTENTION
We shall look at the definition of agripreneurship, who is an agripreneur and what are the essential factors of success in the production of agricultural products that provide solutions to economic and food poverty in society.

DISCUSSIONS

Agripreneurship defined and explained. Agripreneurship is about carrying out agricultural activities on the basis of identifying farm produce needed for food security in a given society, employment generation, wealth creation and agro-industrialisation of a given community or society.  

This understanding requires Nigerian farmers to adopt best practices in agricultural production; processing of farm produce; identification of agribusiness market opportunities; adoption of appropriate farm technology and mechanisation; identification and application of quality seed in crop production; money management and savings; farm management with reference to planning, organising, coordinating, commanding and controlling of agribusiness activities; production of quality farm produce and pursuit of customers satisfaction within the context of environment-friendly agricultural practices, such as in the use of organic fertiliser/supplement.

Agripreneur defined. In the light of our definition and explanation of agripreneurship an agripreneur is an individual farmer who knows how to discover income generating opportunities in the agribusiness market and possesses passion and competence to convert agribusiness opportunities into a source of livelihood and income for himself and for others in society. He/she is a problem solver in the areas of food security, processing of agricultural raw materials into finished or intermediate goods for domestic and industrial consumers. He is also an individual who knows how to identify and reach consumers who are ready to pay for the price of his agricultural products.

The implication of our definition is that an agribusiness owner-manager seeking to be successful in the practice of commercial agriculture should possess skills and knowledge in agribusiness management. Let us now look at some of the basic agribusiness skills and knowledge needed by an agripreneur engaged in farming as a business.

Basic Agribusiness Skills and Knowledge.
Here we shall be looking at selected basic agribusiness skills and knowledge which an agribusiness owner-manager must have in order to run and develop his/her agricultural entity as a business. In other words, we are concerned about those issues which every agribusiness owner-manager must recognise from the onset in order to produce goods or services which are specifically needed and demanded in the market.

In this regard, every potential and existing agribusiness owner-manager, whether micro or small scale, should possess the skills for identifying what agricultural products are demanded in the market as well as skills to produce the products while also employing an efficient control system that will make his enterprise profitable and sustainable into the future.

Knowledge and Skills of Farm Management and Control

Among the management functions of an agribusiness owner-manager, control is particularly important in order to be profitable and sustainable. For this control function to be effective, however, an agribusiness owner-manager, at the planning stage, need to know about the market in order to practice agriculture as a business. That means, he needs to know the situation or nature of the market of his intended agricultural produce as well as the market for inputs and equipment.

Knowledge of Agricultural Produce Market. It is essential that an agribusiness owner-manager should have knowledge of the following factors:
(a) The location of the market for his produce.
(b) Who needs the product and wants to buy it?
(c) The quality of the product that is demanded in the market.
(d) The price of the product compared to other markets.
(e) The volume of the demand that will make him profitable in the market.

Knowledge of the Market for Inputs and Equipment

Since the agribusiness owner-manager will require agricultural inputs in order to produce for the market, he needs to know the nature and the condition of the market and prices of inputs and equipment. These will include:
(a) The location of sales of inputs and equipment
(b) Who sells the inputs and equipment
(c) The quality of the inputs and equipment
(d) The availability of after sales services of equipment
(e) The price of sale of the inputs and equipment

Knowledge about how the price of agricultural products change
Agribusiness owner-manager needs to know how seasonal or yearly variations affect the price of agricultural products. For example, he needs to know how seasonal variation in a year affects the price of agricultural products.

When agricultural products are in season, prices tend to be low due to seasonal abundance. On the other hand, when products are out of season, there is scarcity leading to higher prices (for example, during the dry season of the year).
The price of agricultural products tend to change between years, in which case:
(a) The price of agriculture products tends to rise as more people make increasing demand from one year to the next or when there is an artificial inflation in the market price between the years.
(b) On the other hand, the price of a product that is produced in abundance tends to fall from one year to the next. This may be due to improvement in production technology. The farmer needs to know the cause of changes in prices of agricultural products in the market.

Knowledge of How to Prepare Agricultural Activities Calendar for the Production of Chosen Crops or Livestock
In order to have a good yield in crop production (e.g. rice), it is essential to have an agricultural activities calendar which will reflect plan of crop production. This will show what work or activities need to be carried out on the farm plus the amount of inputs to apply at appropriate time.
With regard to rice production, the following are the likely contents of a rice farmers plan of activities in sequence:
(a) Land preparation
(b) Inputs purchase
(c) Sowing
(d) Application of NPK
(e) First weeding
(f) Spray
(g) 2nd weeding
(h) Application of urea
(i) Chasing birds
(j) Harvest
(k) Threash, winnow, dry
(l) Clean storage space and store

Knowledge of the size or surface of your farm/field in hectares: 1 hectare = 10,000 metres square

There is need to have the knowledge of how to measure the length and width of your farm land. Measurement can be done by using a cord with knots. Two knots with a distance of 50 cm between two knots = 10 meters (Length). Knots with a distance of 50 cm between two knots = 5 meters.

It should be mentioned that an agricultural entrepreneur should avoid underestimation or overestimation of field for the following reasons:
(a) Underestimated field size risk using too little fertiliser and too little seeds. This can lead to reduced yield.
(b) Overestimated field size risks using too much fertiliser and planting too close together. This can lead to reduced yields and unnecessary spending.

Having an accurate knowledge of the size of the farm is important to plan production, to correctly apply inputs, and to correctly space plants and seeds.

It is advisable to measure your fields with a measuring tape or a cord with knots.
A field with a rectangular or square shape is easy to measure. It is also easier to sow or plant in lines and following the correct spacing distances.

Benefits of knowing the measurement of your land.

Knowing the measurement of your farm size has the following benefits:
(a) To know precisely your assets such as your land and labour.
(b) To correctly plan production and the quantities of inputs that need to be purchased in time.
(c) To apply correct amount of chemical inputs, such as fertiliser, pesticides etc.
(d) To know quantity harvested.
(e) To correctly evaluate losses or profits of farming activities
(f) To better sell the products.

Crops and Livestock Farming According to Nutritional Value

Engagement in farming according to the nutritional needs of people in a society is a stable way of guaranteeing regular income through farming. This approach for recognising the nutritional needs for farming purpose can be categorised according to agricultural products that give energy and physical strength for people to work and grow and according to products giving physical strength and mental force to people.

The following are agricultural products that give energy and physical strength to people to work and grow:
(a) Maize
(b) Yam
(c) Sorghum
(d) Rice
(e) Cassava

The following are agricultural products that give people physical strength:
(a) Beans
(b) Groundnut
(c) Eggs
(d) Poultry
(e) Meat
(f) Fish

Farmers can decide which category of agricultural products they want to produce for the given market in the community to which they belong. In fact farmers engaged in the production of food crops are sure of regular income for their agripreneurial activities in society.

How To Know Whether You Are Doing Agriculture As A Profitable Business

It is essential for smallholder crops and livestock farmers to have a means of knowing whether they are making profit or loss in their agricultural businesses. This knowledge can be determined on seasonal or annual basis. 

The following are guideline factors for an agripreneur seeking to know whether he is doing good business or not:
1. You need to know the “money-in” and “money-out” with precision.
2. You need to know how to track the inputs and labour used per hectare and calculate the “money-in” and “money-out”.
3. From the “money-in” subtract the “money-out”. The result tells you if you made profit or loss.
4. You make profit if the “money-in” is greater than the “money-out”. This shows that you are doing agriculture as a business profitably.
5. You make loss if the “money-out” is greater than “the money-in”. In that case you are doing business in the traditional way – bad business.
6. When you experience a loss, the reasonable thing to do is to abandon the crop or livestock that is making loss or use a better technique to make profit in the particular agricultural product.
7. To make sure that you will make profit in your agricultural enterprise, it is better to prepare your table or estimate of “money-in” and “money-out” before you begin production. This may be in the form of Crops or Livestock Budget. Better still, call it Business Plan.

The template or tool for estimating your profit or loss in agricultural crop or livestock production according to the principles of money-out and money-in is attached.

CONCLUSIONS

It will be clear from the discussions of this paper that agripreneurs or commercial agricultural farmers are expected to know how to keep various farm records while also carrying out best agricultural practices in order to be profitable and sustainable into the future.

Typical records to be kept by an agripreneur include the following:
(a) Daily farm records such as the application of fertiliser, use of pesticides and occurrences of sickness to labourers and animals.
(b) Record of farm implements and equipment
(c) Records of agricultural inputs
(d) Records of livestock and livestock products
(e) Record of animal feeds
(f) Production records
(g) Other records such as tractor records, vehicle records, workers records and farm income and expenditure records.

Keeping these records enable the agripreneur to run his enterprise as a commercial enterprise. It also helps him to make important decisions about whether a particular crop or livestock is profitable or not and to decide to increase the number of profitable crops and livestock on the farm.

In order to enter into the gate of higher income in agriculture it is strongly recommended that Nigerian farmers should adopt organic farming practice that guarantees higher income, quality agricultural products, health and wealth for the farmer, nutrient for the agricultural farm land as well as facilitating environmentally-friendly agricultural practices that secures the fruitfulness of our farm lands.

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